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Sihu

30. 12. 2007


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Sihu

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Sihu



Classification
 
Related instruments
 



 
A sihu (bottom)












A sihu (bottom)

The sihu (; pinyin: sìhú) is a Chinese bowed string instrument with four strings. It is a member of the huqin family of instruments.

Contents

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[edit] Construction

The instrument's name comes from the words (四, meaning "four" in Chinese, referring to the instrument's number of strings) and (胡, short for huqin, the family of instruments of which the sihu is a member). Its soundbox and neck are made from hardwood and the playing end of the soundbox is covered with python, cow, or sheep skin.

There are several sizes of sihu; the lowest of these is generally tuned C, C, G, G; the medium size is tuned G, G, D, D; and the smallest size is tuned D, D, A, A.

[edit] Technique

The instrument is held vertically, with its soundbox on the player's lap, and its strings are tuned in pairs. The hair of the bow passes between the two pairs of strings.

[edit] Use

The sihu is primarily associated with the Mongolian culture, and is played by Mongolians in Mongolia and also in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. It is also used as a traditional instrument in the Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang provinces of China.

It is also used as an accompanying instrument in various Chinese narrative genres, including Beijing dagu, plum blossom dagu, xihe dagu, Tianjin new tunes, Shandong qin shu, Northeast dagu, Hubei song, Shaoxing lianhua luo, Shanxi er ren, Inner Mongolia er ren, northeast dance duet, lucky play, Beijing opera derived drama from ballads, Hebei pi ying (shadow theater), and Henan erjiaxian traditional entertainment involving talking, singing, and drama.

Similar instruments include the Mongolian dörvön chikhtei khuur and the Tuvan byzaanchy.

[edit] External links

[edit] Listening

  • Sihu MP3 (click headphones to listen to individual tracks) page appears to have moved or been deleted

[edit] See also

[show]

Huqin instrument family


 

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